Several studies have shown a mismatch between ‘Burden of Disease and research funding in developed countries. But the problem appears to be near universal. This study reviewed 511 studies from Palestine. It found that research output was poorly associated with disease burden, irrespective of whether it was measured in terms of DALYs or death. Cardiovascular disease, cancer, and maternal and neonatal deaths accounted for more than two-thirds of the total deaths in Palestine (67%) but were infrequently addressed (23%) in published articles.
This systematic review (PROSPERO registration CRD42015027553) assessed the quality of 497 reports of Palestinian health research using international guidelines to assess report quality. The majority (69%) were inadequately reported, and none had adequately reported all items. Higher reporting quality was associated with international affiliation of the first author, international collaboration, international funding, publication after 2005, and four or more co-authors.